The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is proposing a limit of 10 parts per billion for inorganic arsenic in apple juice. It’s the same level set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for arsenic in drinking water.
The agency has been monitoring the presence of arsenic in apple juice for 20 years.
Last year, the FDA released findings from its latest data collection and analysis of 94 samples of arsenic in apple juice. The analysis showed that 95 percent of the apple juice samples tested were below 10 ppb total arsenic; 100 percent of the samples were below 10 ppb for inorganic arsenic, the carcinogenic form of arsenic.
The proposed level of 10 ppb takes into account this sampling data plus a risk
assessment of inorganic arsenic in apple juice conducted by FDA scientists. The
assessment is based on lifetime exposure.
Inorganic arsenic may be found in foods because it’s present in the environment, as a naturally occurring mineral and due to activity such as past use of arsenic-containing pesticides.
A known carcinogen, inorganic arsenic also has been associated with skin lesions, developmental effects, cardiovascular disease, neurotoxicity, and diabetes, the FDA said.
Consumers Union, publisher of Consumer Reports, last year called for a limit as low as 3 parts per billion. While the FDA didn't go that far, the group still praised the agency for taking action.The FDA will accept public comments on the proposed action level and the risk assessment for 60 days.
For more information, go to:
- Arsenic in Apple Juice
- Draft Quantitative Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic in Apple Juice
- Risk Assessment Arsenic in Apple Juice: Peer Review Report
- Draft Guidance for Industry, Arsenic in Apple Juice: Action Level
- FDA Voice Blog