Delta Air Lines is No. 1, and JetBlue is No. 2, according to the 29th annual Airline Quality Rating released Monday.
Key findings show that three of the four factors tracked – involuntary denied boardings, mishandled bags, and customer complaints – improved for the airline industry in 2018. However, on-time performance slipped last year.
This year’s report also reveals the lowest rate of bumped passengers, the lowest rate of mishandled baggage, and the lowest rate of customer complaints for the industry since the Airline Quality Rating started in 1991.
Delta was the only airline to improve in all four categories. Six of the airlines rated performed better in 2018 compared to their 2017 scores. Those carriers were Delta, Hawaiian, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, and United. Airlines whose scores declined in 2018 were Alaska, American, and Frontier.
“Overall, another good year of industry performance,” said Dean Headley, AQR co-author and emeritus professor of marketing at Wichita State University. “The best-ever industry AQR score for 2018 is largely due to improvements in the rate of involuntary denied boardings and the rate of customer complaints.”
The 2019 Airline Quality Rating is based on data collected during the 2018 calendar year.
This year’s rating
Below is the 2019 ranking of the nation’s largest nine airlines, according to the Airline Quality Rating, with the 2018 ranking in parentheses:
- Delta (2)
- JetBlue (3)
- Southwest (5)
- Alaska (1)
- Hawaiian (4)
- United (8)
- Spirit (12)
- American (9)
- Frontier (11)
The merger of Alaska and Virgin America was completed in April of 2018. The results for Alaska reflect the performance of the merged airlines for the entire year.
Hawaiian Airlines had the best on-time performance, 89.3 percent, for 2018, and Frontier had the worst, 69.4 percent.
Four airlines improved their on-time arrival performance in 2018. Four of the nine airlines rated had an on-time arrival percentage of more than 80 percent. On-time performance for the industry in 2018 was 79.6 percent, compared to 80.2 percent in 2017.
Involuntary denied boardings
Delta was the industry leader in avoiding involuntary denied boarding incidents in 2018 with a rate of 0.00 per 10,000 passengers. Hawaiian, JetBlue, and United followed with rates of 0.01 involuntary denied boardings per 10,000 passengers. Frontier had the highest involuntary denied boarding rate with 0.63 per 10,000 passengers.
Eight airlines improved their denied boardings rate in 2018. JetBlue recorded the largest improvement, and Frontier had the largest increase in the rate of denied boardings. Delta, 0.00, Hawaiian, 0.0, JetBlue, and United are the industry leaders in avoiding denied boarding incidents. Industry performance was better in 2018, 0.14 per 10,000 passengers, than it was in 2017, 0.34.
The industry performance is the lowest rate of involuntary denied boardings since the Airline Quality Rating started in 1991.
Spirit had the best baggage handling rate, 1.76 mishandled bags per 1,000 passengers, of all airlines, and American had the worst baggage handling rate, 3.83, mishandled bags per 1,000 passengers.
Three airlines improved mishandled baggage rates in 2018. The industry rate decreased from 2.46 per 1,000 passengers in 2017 to 2.43 in 2018.
The industry performance is the lowest rate of mishandled baggage since the Airline Quality Rating started in 1991.
Southwest had the lowest consumer complaint rate, 0.36 per 100,000 passengers, of all airlines. Frontier had the highest consumer complaint rate, 4.02 per 100,000 passengers.
Customer complaints per 100,000 passengers decreased from 1.35 in 2017 to 1.04 in 2018. The majority of complaints, 72 percent, to the U.S. Department of Transportation were for flight problems, 36.9 percent; baggage, 13 percent; customer service, 12.1 percent; and reservations, ticketing, and boarding, 10.1 percent.
The number of complaints received by the department was down by 23 percent in 2018 compared to 2017 numbers.
The Airline Quality Rating is a joint project funded as part of faculty research activities at the W. Frank Barton School of Business at Wichita State University and Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Prescott, Arizona, campus.